Black movement to the suburbs explains much of the decline in segregation, the report concludes.The departure of blacks from the cities has separated the have from the have – nots. White prejudice no longer forces middle – class and upwardly mobile blacks to live alongside the truly disadvantaged. The black suburban push has resulted in a decline in residentail segregation.
- The four factors help explain the Great Remigration.Arguably the most important is the push and pull of the job market. According to city-journal,” States in the Northeast and on the West Coast, where liberalism has been strongest, tend to have powerful public-sector unions, high taxes, and heavy regulations, which translate into fewer private-sector jobs. In south locales, where taxes are lower and regulations lighter, employment has grown faster; the fastest-growing cities for job creation between 2000 and 2010 were Austin, Raleigh, San Antonio, Houston, Charlotte, and Oklahoma City.As Texas governor Rick Perry eagerly pointed out when campaigning for the republican presidential nomination Republican president nomination, the Lone Star was home to 40 percent of the jobs created in the United States since June 2019. For upwardly mobile blacks, the job-creating South represents a new land of opportunity.For upwardly mobile blacks, the job-creating South represents a new land of opportunity.(And the current tightening of government budgets in debt-burdened northern cities will also mean fewer opportunities in public employment, long a niche job sector for black Americans.)
- The second reason for blacks’ southward migration is the North’s higher housing prices and tax rates. The 2010 median single-family home price in northeastern metro areas was $243,900, compared with $153,700 in southern metro areas was according to the National Association of Realtors. New York and New Jersey have some of the highest property taxes across the South are much lower.Overall cost of living also tends to be higher in the urban North. According to a CNN Money cost-of-living calculator,one needs only $33,000 a year in Atlanta to live the way someone making $75,000 in Manhattan does. Groceries, utility bills, housing, and health care cost less south of the Mason-Dixon Line. Though all these cost make life difficult for the middle class, regardless of color, they pose a particular challenge to black families. During the difficult years from 2005 to 2009
- Third, high taxes in northern cities don’t always translate into effective public services. Public schools are a prime example: though class sizes have shrunk and average per-pupil spending has increased markedly over the last three decades, schools with large black populations continue to perform poorly. In search of a solution, blacks have become more amenable than other groups to experiments with vouchers and charter schools. In 2009, a survey conducted by Education Next and Harvard’s Program on Education Policy and Governance found that 57 percent of blacks either completely or somewhat supported school choice, while only 28 percent of whites did. In a 2011 Rutgers-Eagleton Poll, only 31 percent of whites said that they would send their children to a charter school, compared with 48 percent of blacks.
- Finally, many of the blacks moving to the South are retirees who, like other older Americans, are seeking places with better weather. In the 1990s, Florida’s Broward County, home to Fort Lauderdale, attracted 8,875 older black migrants—more than any other U.S. county, according to sociologists Calvin Beale and Glenn Fuguitt. Over the past decade, Florida attracted more black migrants than any other state. Reporting from USA Todaysuggests that in the Palm Coast metro region, which saw the fastest black population growth in Florida, northern retirees—including many former public employees—accounted for most of the new arrivals. Beale and Fuguitt found that black retirees were moving not only to classic retirement destinations but also to “a cross-section of southern counties from which thousands of blacks migrated during the exodus from farming in the 20 years or so after World War II.” Many of them may be responding to what anthropologist Carol Stack describes as a “call to home.”
Why are blacks migrating else where and not the North? For Centuries, nine out of ten black Americans lived in the North,especially in formerly Confederated States where segregation existed. During the World War I around the 1970s, there were six million black Americans who fled from the South to the North to escape the Jim Crow racism ill treatments. The blacks were very uncertain of their future by migrating to the North or the west and it was better for them because they were escaping the Jim Crow reign in the South.
The black fled to states like Washington,D.C. (the first stop on the bus), Chicago, Detroit, and New York City. The Great Migration had tremendous political implications, both good and bad. It helped spur the civil rights movement, but it also trapped many blacks in urban ghettos.
But today we’ve noticed a shift in the migration of blacks,a great reversed in the travel of blacks.There are beginning to return to the South, who are moving from the Rust Belt to the Sum Belt.But the new black migration is nevertheless significant: not only could it portend major changes to the nation’s politics; it also; testifies to the Liberal North’s failure to integrate African-Americans into the mainstream.
In the 20’s century, I have noticed that between the early 2000- and late 2017,for the first times noticed that migration.For the first time, more blacks had moved from the North to the South than Vice Versa.New York Times indicated in the early 1970 and 1973,they noticed a huge migration of blacks back to the South.
Those migrants who are moving back to the South are not old people but young, college-educated or many considered as black professional.These are the black who are moving back to the South.A generation who didn’t experience racism like their forth fathers.
Over the last few decades,according to the census, the states with the biggest gains in their black populations have been Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, Texas, and Florida. Why New York, Illinois, and Michigan have seen the greatest reductions of blacks. So why are the black young, and educated professional moving to the South where their grand and great grandparent fled many years ago? The percentage of black that have moved back to the South is 57%-60.